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Marijuana For Moms-to-be – Are There Any Risks?

Marijuana For Moms-to-be - Are There Any Risks?

As per federal regulations, marijuana is still considered a Schedule I drug. However, more than half of the US states have legalized it for medical purposes. And, you can easily access it with a rec from a medical marijuana doctor.

Marijuana’s active ingredient THC is known for delivering mind-altering effects. However, it can reach the baby by crossing the mother’s placenta. The effects of cannabis during pregnancy are difficult to determine. But, many medical specialists recommend moms-to-be to stop smoking. Is it harmful? Read on to learn more.

What Are The Potential Benefits of Marijuana

People usually consume the herb for pain management, anxiety relief, and relaxation. Its active ingredient THC binds to cannabinoid receptors in the endocannabinoid system, thus delivering mind-altering effects.

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CBD is effective in treating seizures, anxiety, and can also counteract the effects of THC. It can also help relieve pain and inflammation. The FDA has approved Epidiolex, a CBD oral solution for Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome in patients 2 years of age and older.

Marijuana For Pregnant Ladies

Marijuana use is prevalent among American women during pregnancy. According to the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), 2-5 percent of women use cannabis when they are pregnant. However, the number may vary in different demographics.

Medical experts believe that the potential effects of cannabis consumption during pregnancy are—low birth weight, small length, stillbirth, etc.

According to a study by Young-Wolff’s team at Kaiser Permanente, ladies suffering from severe nausea and vomiting are 4 times more likely to use cannabis than women who don’t experience these symptoms. However, there’s no evidence regarding whether morning sickness makes them use cannabis or marijuana worsens morning sickness.

Studies reported that THC can reach the fetus through the placenta. Recently, the research found that THC can also stay in breast milk for up to 6 days after the last use. In other words, THC can enter into the baby’s system through breast milk.

While research says that cannabis provides promising benefits to patients with chronic pain, multiple sclerosis, cancer, etc. But, is marijuana safe—still a question. When you smoke cannabis, it can increase the risks of respiratory problems, psychosis, anxiety, etc. In fact, the American Lung Association says that marijuana smoke contains many of the same harmful chemicals as tobacco smoke.

However, many have misconceptions regarding other cannabis consumption methods. They think that vaping and edibles are safe to consume during pregnancy. The health risks are indeed reduced to several folds because of the absence of harmful chemicals generated when marijuana is heated to a high temperature. But, THC is still there, which can harm the fetus.

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According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, there’s no evidence or recommendations for prenatal cannabis use.

What About Using Marijuana After a Baby is Born?

THC can reach babies through the breast milk, and cause mind-altering effects. However, scientists have tried to find out the potential effects of cannabis use after pregnancy, such as whether it can lead to cognitive impairment in babies. But, there’s no solid evidence available.

Medical experts believe that exposure of THC to babies can cause potential effects on brain development. This is because their brain is still in the development phase. THC can cause various health issues. In some cases, a child whose mother consumed cannabis during pregnancy may experience problems with memory, focus, attention, etc. However, more studies are needed to find out the potential risks of cannabis.

Final Thoughts

Marijuana use during pregnancy isn’t safe. Studies show that THC can reach the fetus through the mother’s placenta. And, after the baby is born, it can travel through the breast milk. Many medical experts believe that marijuana can impair certain functions such as memory, attention, focus, etc. of babies whose mothers smoked cannabis during pregnancy.

In light of the COVID pandemic, we advise all our patients to see a doctor online instead of visiting the clinic. Help us flatten the curve by opting for an online 420 evaluation.